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Rural Households and Food Insecurity – Study from Punjab

A household’s strategies for dealing with ecological, economic, and social shocks are determined by its resources and capacities. Families from various neighborhoods and socioeconomic levels earn and spend money in diverse ways to meet their fundamental requirements. Households require a variety of treatments in order to be healthy. For exact measurement of food consumption behavior and food security level weekly and monthly, a food consumption score and a household food insecurity access score index are utilized.

According to the Food Consumption Score, households are less food insecure on a weekly basis; no one family consumes less food than is necessary. However, when we look at rural households’ purchasing patterns, we find that up to 50% of the population is on the verge of food insecurity. They may become food insecure as a result of a very little setback. The findings reveal that, even at the grass-roots level, an increase or drop in income or a volatility in the economy has a significant impact on food consumption.

Those households get the nutrients they need, but not enough, and a minor imbalance might easily push them into a lower-food-consumption category. In rural regions, up to 65 percent of homes can have adequate nutrition and food, and not a single family confronts food insecurity or deficit throughout a week.

Economic concerns have an impact on food security because price fluctuations may cause food insecurity, especially in underdeveloped nations. In this situation, a variety of surviving strategies are suggested. A rise in people’s income is seen as an instant answer to food security. People choose to eat low-cost or self-grown food without considering the human body’s nutritional demands when their income declines. Consequently, access to sufficient, nutritious, and safe food is expected to be difficult. People are less food insecure on a weekly basis than on a monthly one. It’s simply because most individuals earn their living on a daily basis. The possibilities of daily income volatility are substantially greater than the chances of monthly fixed income variation. Income fluctuation has a direct impact on household food consumption.

A stable economy is a necessary component for improving livelihood patterns and food security. Policymakers should adopt food security strategies to meet the population’s ever-changing requirements. Developing nations’ national poverty and food insecurity management departments should be upgraded so that food security and food loss can be forecasted more accurately.