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What are some Good Practices that are considered as Sustainable Farming for better Soil Structure, Water Usage, and Crop Production?

This article will go over a number of agriculture practices utilized to preserve soil structure of farms, water usage, crop and fodder production.

Soil Structure:

  • Manage the farms while keeping track of the inputs and outputs of each managed land unit, taking into account the qualities, distribution, and possible applications of soils.
  • Crop rotations that strengthen soils, as well as suitable mechanical ploughing and conservation activities, can help maintain or enhance the soil’s organic matter.
  • Maintain soil cover to reduce losses from wind and/or water erosion.
  • Apply agrochemicals and organic and inorganic fertilisers in sufficient quantities and at proper times, according to agronomic and environmental needs.

Water:

  • Optimize water infiltration and decrease the unproductive flow of surface water watersheds as much as feasible.
  • Manage groundwater and soil water through making optimal use of them, minimising drainage, and improving the soil’s structure and organic matter.
  • Apply production inputs, such as organic waste or recycled goods, as well as inorganic and synthetic materials, in ways that do not pollute water resources.
  • Adopt ways to monitor crop and soil water conditions to carefully programme irrigation, and to minimise soil salinization by conserving water and recycling it if required.
  • Establish a permanent cover of soil where suitable, to promote the development of the hydrological cycle.
  • Groundwater should be managed to avoid over-extraction or buildup.
  • Water sites for animals/poultry and livestock farming should be plentiful, safe, and clean.

Crop Production:

  • Select cultivars and varieties based on all of their features, including sowing or planting reaction, productivity, quality, market potential, disease and stress resistance, edaphic and climatic adaptation, and fertiliser and agrochemical response.
  • Using options such as mechanical and biological means, herbicides, as well as non-host crops to reduce diseases and, where appropriate, the inclusion of legumes to provide a biological source nitrogen, alternate crops to optimise the use of labour and equipment and maximise profits via weed control.
  • Apply organic and mineral fertilisers in a balanced manner, utilising methods and equipment, and at the intervals necessary to restore nutrients lost during production or eliminated during harvest.
  • Recycle plant wastes and other organic residues to maximise the advantages of soil and nutrient stability.
  • Integrate animals into crop rotations and take use of nutrient recycling offered by livestock grazing or stabling to boost overall farm fertility.
  • Cattle should be rotated on pastures to allow for the regeneration of healthy pasture conditions.
  • Follow safety requirements and set safety standards when operating crop and forage producing equipment and machinery.