Smart farming involves the application of modern technologies, information and communication in agriculture to improve the quality and quantity of products by making them useful for human beings. In smart farming, certain technologies are used such as sensors (for water, soil, light, humidity and temperature control), software (for technical software solutions focusing on distinctive farm varieties), connectivity (for cellular), location (for GPS and satellite), robotics (for modern tractors) and data analytics (data channels for downstream solution).
Smart farming also helps decrease the ecological implications of farming and reduces the application of production facilities like fertilizers and pesticides in the agricultural setup with severe leaching issues. Also, with modern farming techniques, it is feasible to form a detecting network, allowing constant checking of the farm. On the other hand, the theoretical and practical structure has to commune the condition of plants, animals and soils with the requirements for means of production such as water, fertilizer and medicines so that they are within reach of the modern information and communication technology, throughout the world.
In the modern era, smart farming has a very positive impact on agriculture. It can make agriculture more beneficial and fruitful for the farmers. It reduces the cost of production for the farmers and helps them save their money and labour and thus, improving the authenticity of data and reducing hazards. Similarly, accurate weather predictions, yield predictions and maps for diseases and disasters based on a solid and reliable network of weather and climate data can ideally allow the cultivation of crops. Location information, on the other hand also enables business prospects for the whole value chain, such as from technology and information providers to farmers, processors and the retail sector in developing and developed communities.
Smart farming shows a way toward sustainable agriculture by classification of technologies, crop and livestock production systems, and networks in the agri-food sector. Smart farming can provide new ways to promising agriculture that helps the environment, species and farmers in both developing and developed countries. Moreover, farmers throughout the globe for many years had to depend on insufficient and incorrect data to make vital decisions regarding what should they grow and the biggest confusion, how to grow. Therefore, contemporary agri-technologies are essential elements in helping them fulfil this gap by providing them with accurate means of technological knowledge that define farming results. Thus, Concave AGRI aims to provide the required knowledge to the farmers of Pakistan to help them implement smart farming techniques in the agricultural sectors for the quality of production.